As we are preparing many income tax returns for FY 2022, we would like to highlight 10 tips to avoid rental property tax mistakes. Avoiding these 10 common mistakes will save you time and money.

1. Apportioning expenses and income for co-owned properties.

If you own a rental property with someone else, you must declare your rental income and claim expenses according to your legal ownership of the property.

As joint tenants your legal interest will be an equal split (50/50), or as tenants in common you may have different ownership interests.

2. Make sure your property is genuinely available for rent.

Your property must be genuinely available for rent to claim any tax deductions. This means:

      • you must be able to show a clear intention to rent the property,
      • advertising the property so that someone is likely to rent it and set the rent in line with similar properties in the area,
      • avoiding unreasonable rental conditions.
3. Getting initial repairs and capital improvements right

Ongoing repairs that relate directly to wear and tear or other damage that happened as a result of you renting out the property can be claimed in full in the same income year you incurred the expense. For example, repairing the hot water system or part of a damaged roof can be deducted immediately.

Initial repairs for damage that existed when the property was purchased, such as replacing broken light fittings and repairing damaged floorboards aren’t immediately deductible, but a deduction may be claimed over a number of years as a capital works deduction. These costs are also used to work out your capital gain or capital loss when you sell the property.

For example, replacing an entire structure like a roof when only part of it is damaged or renovating a bathroom is classified as an improvement and not immediately deductible. These are building costs which you can claim at 2.5% each year for 40 years from the date of completion.

If you completely replace a damaged item that is detachable from the house and it costs more than $300 (for example, replacing the entire hot water system) the cost must be depreciated over a number of years.

4. Claiming borrowing expenses

If your borrowing expenses are over $100, the deduction is spread over five years. If they are $100 or less, you can claim the full amount in the same income year you incurred the expense.

Borrowing expenses may include loan establishment fees, title search fees and costs of preparing and filing mortgage documents. 

5. Claiming purchase costs

You can’t claim any deductions for the costs of buying your property. These include conveyancing fees and stamp duty. If you sell your property, these costs are then used when working out whether you need to pay capital gains tax.

6. Claiming interest on your loan

You can claim interest as a deduction if you take out a loan for your rental property. If you use some of the loan money for personal use. Such as buying a boat or going on a holiday, you can’t claim the interest on that part of the loan. You can only claim the part of the interest that relates to the rental property.

To continue on our 10 Tips To Avoid Rental Property Tax Mistakes, always make sure that you do get the most out of your property tax deductions.  

7. Getting construction costs right

You can claim certain building costs, including extensions, alterations and structural improvements as capital works deductions. As a general rule, you can claim a capital works deduction at 2.5% of the construction cost for 40 years from the date the construction was completed.

Where your property was owned by someone else previously, and they claimed capital works deductions, ask them to provide you with the details so you can correctly calculate the deduction you’re entitled to claim. If you can’t obtain those details from the previous owner, you can use the services of a qualified professional who can estimate previous construction costs.

8. Claiming the right portion of your expenses

If your rental property is rented out to family or friends below market rate, you can only claim a deduction for that period up to the amount of rent you received. You can’t claim deductions when your family or friends stay free of charge, or for periods of personal use.

9. Keeping the right records

You must have evidence of your income and expenses so you can claim everything you are entitled to. Capital gains tax may apply when you sell your rental property. So keep records over the period you own the property and for five years from the date you sell the property.

10. Getting your capital gains right when selling

When you sell your rental property, you will make either a capital gain or a capital loss. Generally, this is the difference between what it cost you to buy and improve the property. What you receive when you sell it. Your costs must not include amounts already claimed as a deduction against rental income earned from the property. Including depreciation and capital works. If you make a capital gain, you will need to include the gain in your tax return for that income year. If you make a capital loss, you can carry the loss forward and deduct it from capital gains in later years.

You can download this information in portable document format (PDF) here.

 20 Tax Tips For property Investors Brochure

If you would like a further discussions, talk to us today on 03 9888 3175 or on [email protected]